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Recommended Dry Bulk Shipping Advice

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发表于 2021-11-25 08:19:14 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
The general purpose and functions of seagoing bulk carriers

Operation of sea-going bulk carriers involved numerous hazards. Important shipboard issues require cautious planning and prudence. This site offers quick and easy information to the shipping community on the best way to load and unload bulk cargo. But it is important to not exceed the limitations that are set by the classification society. It is crucial to make sure that the ship's structure is not strained and that every safety precaution is taken in order to ensure safe passage on the sea. You can find helpful information about bulk carrier topics on our detailed pages, both for those working at sea and those ashore.

The general characteristics of bulk seagoing ships
Bulk carriers can be single-deck vessels. They have top-side tanks, as well as side tanks for hoppers. These tanks are used in cargo spaces. They are built to transport bulk solid cargo. Any substance that is not gas or liquid, but is a solid bulk cargo, includes any substance made up of a mix of granules and/or mixtures, or any other substance with a uniform composition. It is able to be loaded directly into the cargo compartment of a vessel and doesn't require containment. The most common examples of dry cargo include grains, sugar and ores in bulk. The bulk carrier is a ship that is primarily used to transport bulky or liquid cargo. This could also encompass tankers. In ordinary usage, however it is applied to vessels that are designed to carry bulk solid cargos, usually grain and agricultural products similar to it minerals such as stone, coal, ore, etc. in one or more voyage legs.   Have a look at this capesize bulk carrier specialist for more.

  

What Is A Bulk Ship?

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

The capacity of carrying varies from 3,000 to 300,000 tonnes
-Average speed of 12-15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
small to medium sized bulk carriers (carrying capacity up to 4000 tonnes) generally include cargo handling equipment with larger vessels. Larger vessels use facilities on the shore for loading and unloading
Cargo holds that are big have no obstructions and bigger hatch sizes for ease of loading/unloading.
The bulk carriers typically have one cargo hold designated for the ballast storage. It can be utilized in ballast voyages to increase stability. You may also be permitted to ballast part of the way, however it is only permitted for ports.
They have single pull either stacking or hydraulic steel hatch covers.
-Four types or ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side wings tanks
Double bottom tanks
Ballasts for peak and post peak water tanks

What is a solid bulk cargo? Any material other than gas or liquid, that is composed of a mixture of particles, granules , or any larger pieces of materials, generally homogenous in composition and loaded straight into the cargo spaces without any intermediate type of confinement. There are many cargoes being carried by bulk carriers. They carry food as well as minerals that may react with each others or with water sources. Cleaning must be adequate for the item to be loaded. It generally, it is necessary for a surveyor to determine if the space is suitable for loading. It is vital that the leftovers from prior cargo are cleared away to make sure that contamination doesn't occur. Water is the main source of destruction to bulk cargoes. This is why it is vital that the holds are dry in order to be able to accept cargo. Hatch covers should also be watertight to stop water from entering. All fittings inside the hold (ladders, pipe guards and bilge covers.) You should inspect every fitting inside the hold (ladders,pipe guards,bilge covers...) to make sure that they are in good operating condition. This equipment may cause serious damage and delays to conveyor belts. Inadvertent discharge of cargo can result in the ship being accountable. Click over to this supramax bulk carrier site for more.

  

Bulk Carrier or Bulker? Bulk Carrier, Bulker A vessel that is able to carry dry cargo. It's not meant to be a bulk liquid tanker or carrier. The traditional bulk carrier is constructed with one deck and a single skin. Bulk carriers can load any type or bulk cargo from heavy to light grain up to the maximum weight they can carry. The process of loading, carrying and the release of dry bulk cargo is more complicated than most people think.

Carrier for bulk material without gear
A lot of bulk cargoes have dangers and can change their properties upon passage. A wrong loading could result in damage to a ship. The ship could bend if it is loaded to the maximum forward holding. This can cause the vessel to'stress'. It can result in dangerous situations on the sea when there is severe weather. Other cargoes could be impacted by residues from other cargoes. Some bulk cargoes, like cement power, may also be affected by water damage. cement power. It is not always easy to determine the weights of cargoes that have been loaded and removed. All of these elements have significant implications for the safety of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes tend to form a cone when they are loaded on conveyor belts. The angle formed by the cone is known as the `angle of repose'. It is different for each cargo. Iron ore cargoes for instance, will create an cone with an angle. Cargoes that are free to move around freely will result in the cone with a narrow angle. Cargoes that have low angles of repose tend to move during transit. As cargo nears completion, bulldozers might be necessary to spread the load in the storage areas. Most dry-bulk carriers need to make use of facilities on shore for cargo loading and discharging. But, some bulk carriers have self unloading features, such as conveyors below cargo holds or cranes that go up deck.
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