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Excellent Dry Bulkers Info

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发表于 2021-12-14 06:27:04 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
The General Purpose and Use of Bulk Ships that travel by sea

The operation of seagoing bulk carrier vessels was rife with dangers. It is important to plan ahead and exercise caution in dealing with any shipboard issue. This site is an easy reference for the international shipping community with guidance and details on loading and discharging of various bulk cargoes and to be within the restrictions that are set by the classification society. It is crucial to limit the likelihood of over-stressing the ship's structure , and complying with all essential safety precautions to ensure secure sea crossing. The pages that detail bulk carriers are filled with information that can be beneficial to those who work at the terminal as well as those working aboard.

General characteristics of seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers are single-deck vessels that are fitted with top-side tanks and side tanks. They are intended to carry bulk cargo of a single commodity. Solid bulk cargo refers to any other material than liquid or gas consisting of a combination or larger pieces of material, generally uniformly composed, and loaded directly into the ship's cargo areas. Sugar, grain and bulk ores are examples of such dry cargo. In its broadest sense the term "bulk carrier" encompasses all vessels designed for the carriage of solid or liquid cargo in bulk form that is, for example, tankers. In the context of common usage bulk carriers are utilized to transport solid bulk cargos. This is a reference to grain and similar agricultural products along with minerals like coal, iron ore, stone and coal.   Peruse this dry bulk carrier specialist for more.

  

What Exactly Is A Bulk Carrier What Are The Major Characteristics Of Bulk Carriers:

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

Carrier Capacity that ranges from 3,000 to 300,000 tonnes
Average speed of 12-15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers of medium to small size bulk (carrying capacities between 40 and 60,000 tonnes) generally have equipment for handling cargo. However larger vessels can make use of docks to load and unload.
Large cargo holds are free of obstructions and have bigger hatch sizes for ease of loading and unloading.
Ballast holds are a standard feature of bulk carriers. It can be used to ballast voyages to increase stability. One or two further holds may be permitted for partially ballasting however only at port.
They are single pull and stacking, or hydraulic steel hatch covers.
-Four types of ballast tanks :
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side of wing tank
Double bottom tanks
Ballast water for the peak and post-peak tank.

Bulk solid cargo? Any other than liquid or gas substance that is a mixture of particles and granules. It is able to be loaded directly into the cargo areas without any intermediate storage. The goods transported by bulk carriers, ranging from "clean" foodstuffs up to "dirty" minerals, and including those that may react with each other or with sources of contamination like water, means that care should be taken to ensure that cargo spaces are properly prepared for the particular cargo that is to be loaded. In order to load the cargo, it is important to thoroughly clean the area. A surveyor may be required to mark the area as ready to load. To avoid contamination it is crucial that any residues left behind by previous cargoes be eliminated. The majority of damage to bulk cargo is caused by water. To stop water from entering, hatch covers must be watertight. All fittings in the container (ladders, pipe guards, bilge, etc.) must be examined. All fittings inside the hold (pipe guards and bilge covers.) are to be examined to make sure they are in good working order and securely fixed. These pieces of equipment could cause major damage to conveyor belts and, as a result, delays, for which the ship could be held accountable, should they be inadvertently discharged with the cargo. Have a look at this handymax bulk carrier info for more.

  

Bulk Carrier or Bulker? This vessel is intended to transport dry cargo. Conventional bulk carrier is constructed with only a single deck, single skin, double bottom, topside tanks, and side tanks in cargo spaces. Bulk carriers have the ability to carry heavy ore and light grain at their maximum weight. It's not as easy or simple as you imagine.

Gearless Bulk Carrier
Many bulk cargoes contain dangerous substances or change their properties during the transportation. An incorrect loading can easily cause damage to a ship. It is possible for a ship to bow when it is not properly loaded. This stress could have fatal consequences during rough seas. Residues from previous cargoes can affect the cargoes that follow. Some bulk cargoes, such as cement power can also suffer from water damage. cement power. It is hard to determine the weights and numbers of cargoes that are loaded and unloaded. These issues have serious consequences on the operations of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes have an inherent tendency to form a cone once they are loaded, if conveyor belts or similar systems aren't monitored and monitored. The angle that this cone forms is called the angle, or repose'. It varies for every cargo. Iron ore, for instance, are likely to form a steep angled cone, while cargoes that flow freely create a shallow angled cone. cargoes with lower angles of repose tend to move more in transit. Certain cargoes require bulldozers to help distribute the load across the storage areas. Most dry-bulk carriers depend on facilities on the shore for loading and discharging cargo However, certain bulk carriers come with self-unloading features with conveyors below the cargo holds or cranes on the deck.
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